Mohammad Azharuddin, the man after whom VVS Laxman seemingly moulded his batting style and also his gait, says that retirement is a very personal decision and people should not read too much into it.Laxman surprised everyone by suddenly announcing his retirement on Saturday despite having been selected for the two-Test series against New Zealand, and it set off a wave of speculations, ranging from an “understanding with selectors” to his “differences” with captain MS Dhoni.”There should be no discussion on Laxman’s retirement. It’s his decision and it should be left to him to decide how long he wants to play. Why do people want to make him play when he doesn’t want to?” Azharuddin told Mail Today.”No controversy should be created over his retirement. No one likes to retire, but it’s a reality and everyone has to retire one day. His timing is okay,” said the man on whose wristy batting style Laxman seems to have moulded his own batting.Azharuddin, however, dismissed the resemblance in batting as incidental. “The similarity happens at times,” he said in a typical understatement.Laxman batted at seven positions during 134 Tests and scored most of his 8,781 runs at No.5 (2,877 runs) and No.6 (2,760). But there was a time, on the tour of the West Indies in 1996-97, when he was made to open the innings after the selectors tried a host of combinations. Laxman scored 64 in his first innings as opener, under Sachin Tendulkar’s captaincy.After missing seven Tests, when Laxman returned to the Test team in March 1998, the middle order was a chock-ablock, and captain Azharuddin asked him to open again. “There was no room in the middle-order to accommodate him, and we also wanted an opener. So, I made him open the innings and he scored a fine 95 (and India defeated Australia by an innings),” he said. “But I don’t want to take credit for that.”advertisement
DA eyes importing ‘galunggong’ anew And yet, the organizers admit that they have been caught out by the extent of the demand from foreign fans for tickets.“We didn’t see it coming,” says Erwan Le Prevost, head of the local organizing committee.FEATURED STORIESSPORTSPrivate companies step in to help SEA Games hostingSPORTSPalace wants Cayetano’s PHISGOC Foundation probed over corruption chargesSPORTSSingapore latest to raise issue on SEA Games food, logisticsWhile the opening match will be played at the Parc des Princes in Paris and both the semi-finals and the final will be staged in Lyon, in between matches will also be played in some of France’s smaller provincial cities, from Nice on the Mediterranean coast to Valenciennes in the far north.“We did not always choose big stadiums, because we didn’t want any empty stadiums,” Noel Le Graet, the president of the French Football Federation, admitted to AFP. Yet of the 1.3 million tickets put on sale for the 52 matches, at prices ranging from nine to 84 euros ($10-94), more than 720,000 have already been sold.“We have already reached our objective in terms of ticket sales and now we are going beyond. The tickets for the semis, the final and the opening match sold out in 48 hours,” said Le Graet, who is pleasantly surprised. Fears unfounded“We got the women’s World Cup in 2015. When you get it, you tell yourself that you’re going to have to find some stadiums and fill them.“At the beginning, possible host cities were not exactly shoving each other out of the way to come forward. I was a bit scared about the Parc des Princes, but the opening match sold out in five minutes.”ADVERTISEMENT SEA Games hosting troubles anger Duterte LATEST STORIES Kawhi Leonard has been brilliant, but Raptors know they must help Cayetano: Senate, Drilon to be blamed for SEA Games mess Panelo: Duterte ‘angry’ with SEA Games hosting hassles Don’t miss out on the latest news and information. Hontiveros presses for security audit of national power grid PH underwater hockey team aims to make waves in SEA Games PLAY LIST 02:42PH underwater hockey team aims to make waves in SEA Games01:44Philippines marks anniversary of massacre with calls for justice01:19Fire erupts in Barangay Tatalon in Quezon City01:07Trump talks impeachment while meeting NCAA athletes02:49World-class track facilities installed at NCC for SEA Games02:11Trump awards medals to Jon Voight, Alison Krauss Philippine Arena Interchange inaugurated MOST READ France’s football team head-coach Corinne Diacre looks on prior to announcing her 23-woman squad for the World Cup 2019 football tournament during the broadcast news of French TV channel TF1 in Boulogne-Billancourt, outside Paris, on May 2, 2019. (Photo by Anne-Christine POUJOULAT / AFP)Five weeks before the women’s World Cup kicks off in France, and there is a hive of activity high up in the Montparnasse Tower, one of the tallest buildings in Paris.It is here, on the 49th floor and with an unobstructed view over the French capital, that tournament organizers are working to put everything in place for a month — from June 7 to July 7 — where women’s football will be in the spotlight like never before.ADVERTISEMENT Private companies step in to help SEA Games hosting Ethel Booba twits Mocha over 2 toilets in one cubicle at SEA Games venue View comments That game will see hosts France play South Korea as they set out in search of a first World Cup triumph.Seven games in total have sold out so far, including the Netherlands against Cameroon at the 25,000-seat Stade du Hainaut in Valenciennes on June 15.That will include as many as 10,000 Dutch supporters traveling down through Belgium for the match.While not every game will be a sell-out, organizers surely should not have been surprised by the degree of interest from France and around the world as the United States prepare to defend their crown on French soil.Attendances are on the rise all over. While a French record crowd of almost 26,000 saw Lyon beat Paris Saint-Germain recently, in England there is set to be a record crowd for a women’s FA Cup final this weekend when more than 50,000 watch Manchester City face West Ham.In March, a world record crowd for a women’s club game of over 60,000 saw Atletico Madrid play Barcelona in Spain.Big crowds will be the norm throughout June and July too, but from the point of view of security the women’s World Cup is far less of a headache than Euro 2016.Three years ago, the men’s European showpiece was overshadowed by terrorism fears as well as hooliganism, with English and Russian fans clashing in ugly scenes in Marseille.A different profile of supporter will be present this time.“It will be nearly 30 percent children in the stadiums, it will be very family friendly with all the good side of football,” said Le Prevost. “There won’t be an oppressive atmosphere like there often was during the Euro.”Sports Related Videospowered by AdSparcRead Next
Wisconsin—18245%<1%<1% Iowa9122925%7%<1% USC—20530%4%1% Mississippi18171020%8%2% Texas A&M193016<1%<1%<1% Houston25233330%2%<1% Stanford1161346%19%3% Michigan State731915%22%3% Northwestern214257<1%<1%<1% Oklahoma1516315%14%5% Mississippi St.201917<1%3%<1% What to watch for this weekSECThe No. 4,1All the rankings I’m using in this article are the committee’s. one-loss Crimson Tide face No. 2, undefeated LSU in what is as close to a play-in game for the playoff as can be devised at this point in the season. Vegas has the Tide favored by about 6 points. That seems about right. After all, the game is in Tuscaloosa, and the FiveThirtyEight model gives home teams a 3.5-point advantage. But Alabama also has a slight edge over LSU according to FPI, despite its earlier loss to Ole Miss.The FiveThirtyEight model gives Alabama a 41 percent chance of making the playoff, largely because they’re favored in this game; LSU’s playoff odds are 30 percent. But let’s answer our first what-if question: How will those odds change after this game? My colleague Jay Boice ran additional simulations contingent on each team winning. In this thought experiment, if the Tide win, their odds would rise to 53 percent; but if the Tigers were to win, their odds would tick up to 45 percent. The Tigers’ odds are still lower, even if they beat Alabama, because their remaining schedule is so grueling. A road game against Ole Miss and a matchup with Texas A&M at home stand out on what is, going into this week, the toughest remaining schedule.(As a diehard fan who was born and raised in Baton Rouge, I’d like to be able to tell my fellow LSU faithful that these numbers favoring ’Bama are made up. But I can’t. What we Tiger fans do have going in our favor is Leonard Fournette, the Heisman Trophy favorite and, as Wright Thompson wrote, emerging legend.)Interestingly, though Alabama is favored to win and gets higher odds of making the postseason, because LSU is undefeated, the Tigers have higher odds (22 percent) of winning the conference, according to our model. (That’s because if LSU stumbles, Ole Miss is in position to win the SEC West with a tiebreaker over Alabama.) But beyond Alabama and LSU, Florida is waiting in the wings with an 18 percent chance of squeezing into the playoff. The Gators are looking like a good bet to win the SEC East, as they face only creampuffs for the remainder of their conference schedule; and if they emerge as a one-loss champion of the SEC, it will be hard for the committee not to include them.Big 12Baylor and TCU are putting up basketball scores each week. High-powered offenses drive the two highest-ranked teams according to FPI. Our model gives undefeated, No. 8 TCU the best chance of breaking into the playoff, even though Baylor is notionally better according to FPI. That’s because the Horned Frogs host the No. 6 Bears on Nov. 27 in what amounts to (assuming both teams are undefeated) a Big 12 championship game the conference never planned.The Big 12 is deep — very deep. Take this week’s biggest game: TCU faces No. 14 Oklahoma State. Although the Horned Frogs look strong according to our model — which gives them a 31 percent chance of making the playoff — the Cowboys can’t be ignored (they have a 6 percent chance themselves). The conference also includes a strong Oklahoma team, whom our model gives a 14 percent chance of making the postseason.Big TenThe FiveThirtyEight model gives No. 3 Ohio State the best odds of making the playoff: 61 percent. Furthermore, we give the Buckeyes a 16 percent chance of repeating as national champs. But look beyond them and you’ll see a strong conference, with the winner likely to be placed in the playoff.Ohio State has a difficult schedule ahead. Like the LSU vs. Alabama game this week, the Nov. 21 matchup against No. 7 Michigan State could be viewed as a de facto national quarterfinal game; Michigan State has a 22 percent chance of being in the final four. The winner likely will face currently undefeated Iowa in the Big Ten championship game.ACCAfter those three conferences, there’s a huge dropoff in quality. With the exception of Clemson, the ACC looks wobbly. That said, the undefeated Tigers are viewed favorably by the selection committee, which gave them their No. 1 ranking. Our model gives them a 51 percent chance of making the postseason (the best after Ohio State), but after them, Florida State is the next best ACC squad, with a 5 percent chance. That said, the Tigers face what is probably their toughest remaining challenge at home against the Seminoles on Saturday. If they survive, a what-if simulation we ran gives the Tigers a 61 percent chance of making the playoff. Furthermore, if they run the table in their remaining games, they’re likely to make the playoff (our model would put their chances at 99 percent), but if they don’t win out, the ACC champion won’t have a guaranteed spot. Why? Because if Clemson loses this week, our model would give both Clemson and FSU about a 15 percent chance.Pac-12What a total mess. Among Pac-12 teams, Stanford has the best chance of making the playoff, at 19 percent. Despite having just one loss, Utah does poorly in our model, registering a 6 percent chance — little better than unranked USC. FiveThirtyEight reckons that if Stanford does win out, it’s 90 percent likely to make the playoffs. In other words, the Pac-12 is not guaranteed a spot right now. To push the Cardinal’s odds up, Clemson would have to slip, and still a second team from the SEC or Big Ten might leapfrog the Pac-12 champ.Beyond The Power FiveThe best bet outside the five major conferences is No. 5 Notre Dame, with a 25 percent chance of making the playoff. Memphis and Houston, as impressive as they’ve been, stand only a 6 percent and 2 percent chance, respectively, of being included. In other words, the stellar mid-major teams should keep rooting for those in the major conferences to cannibalize each other. Baylor610132%31%13% RankingProbability of … Penn State—2741<1%<1%<1% Florida1091241%18%4% Temple22324541%<1%<1% Michigan1722187%6%<1% Clemson17756%51%12% Ohio State31447%61%16% TeamCFPEloFPIConf. TitlePlayoffNat. Title FiveThirtyEight can’t stop the CFP from screwing your team, but we’re going to try to use numbers and our football knowledge to prevent you from being blindsided.Each week, we’ll break down the latest CFP rankings, preview the big upcoming games and explore what-if questions. As we did last year, we’ll take an iterative and probabilistic approach to project which four teams the CFP committee will select into the playoff on Dec. 6.We’ll cover the Power Five conferences and make a special effort not to ignore the mid-major darlings. Translation: we’ll show Memphis and Houston some love. And as a born-and-raised LSU fan, I’m obliged to exhibit a cocky and blatant SEC bias intended to solicit all your angry emails.Before we dive into the new rankings and preview games by conference, a few nitty-gritty details about the model are worth reiterating from what editor-in-chief Nate Silver has written in greater detail elsewhere on FiveThirtyEight:Game predictions are based on a tweaked version of ESPN’s Football Power Index (FPI) for each team.Based on game results, each team is given an Elo rating that reflects, primarily, its strength of schedule and, to a lesser extent, the margin of victory in its games.Each team is given a new projected ranking based on the previous week’s ranking, the outcome of the game it has just played and its Elo rating.Then the model iterates through the season’s remaining games and, using past coaches’ polls as a guide, tries to predict what the CFP committee will decide.Latest CFP RankingsJust like last year, the CFP committee angered Big 12 fans. Baylor and TCU were ranked sixth and eighth, respectively, while Ohio State is third. One-loss Alabama sneaked in at No. 4 and LSU at No. 2, a clear sign that the committee respects an SEC schedule. But the committee really has a penchant for Clemson, the squad at No. 1. That also helps Notre Dame, whose only loss is to Clemson. The committee puts the Fighting Irish just outside the party at No. 5. Oklahoma St.14111415%6%1% Notre Dame589—25%5% Good gosh o’mighty, what a college football season so far. It’s early November, and fans have already witnessed:a blocked punt that was returned for a touchdown as time expired;an eight-lateral kickoff return that was returned for a touchdown as time expired;a blocked field goal that was returned for a touchdown as time expired; andthe ongoing dominance of the next Herschel Walker.Amid all this excitement, in walks the selection committee to cut the ribbon on its first iteration of this season’s College Football Playoff (CFP) rankings. Unveiled over the next month, these CFP rankings will determine who plays in the second-ever four-team playoff. But reading the CFP tea leaves can be overwhelming.Confused by the CFP committee’s weird pronouncements? Fearful that Condoleezza Rice and her comrades will stab your team in the back? (Baylor and TCU fans, you know the feeling.) Trying to interpret the CFP rankings probably makes you feel like the Michigan guy who made his way around the Internet: UCLA2321225%1%<1% Memphis13143621%6%<1% Toledo24244328%<1%<1% Utah12152118%6%<1% Florida State16131513%5%<1% North Carolina—262323%<1%<1% LSU25822%30%8% TCU84237%31%11% Alabama42614%41%11% Arkansas—3926<1%<1%<1% Oregon—2532<1%<1%<1%
Tesla,Enlarge ImageIt’s all in a day’s work for the Jeep Cherokee, the most American-made car in 2019. Jeep With high trade tensions looming and increasing talk of tariffs, more and more consumers are looking to buy American. Cars.com has released its annual American Made Index, showcasing companies that use the most American-sourced parts and labor in their vehicles. The results may surprise you.Cars.com analyzed more than 100 US-built vehicles for five key data points: manufacturing location, parts sourcing, US employment, engine sourcing and transmission sourcing. You might think something like the Ford F-150 would top the list, but it drops from its No. 5 spot for 2018 and out of the top 10 completely. Even the first-place holder, the Jeep Cherokee, is a pretty global product. It’s a Jeep, sure, but that brand is part of Fiat Chrysler Automobiles, an Italian-owned business.Cars.com surveyed 1,000 people and found that half are concerned about automotive import tariffs, with 41% saying they are unsure if tariffs would make them more likely to buy American. Either way, we’re big fans of all the vehicles on this list. These days, buying American doesn’t necessarily mean sticking with a US-based automaker. Car Industry 50 Photos Now playing: Watch this: Acura RDXThe third-generation Acura RDX squeaks into the top ten list with larger proportions, plenty of interior space and better handling than its predecessor. Forward collision warning with collision mitigation braking, adaptive cruise control that works even in low-speed traffic, lane-keeping steering assist and road departure mitigation are all standard across the board. Like its MDX counterpart, the RDX is available with the A-Spec styling package.The RDX sports a 2.0-liter, turbocharged, four-cylinder engine. Output is stated at 273 horsepower and 280 pound-feet of torque, and it’s mated to a 10-speed automatic transmission. The new RDX is built in East Liberty, Ohio. Five real reasons people are buying Teslas Honda RidgelineAgain keeping the status quo, the Honda Ridgeline maintains third place on the American Made Index. This crossover-that-looks-like-a-truck provides a better ride than a traditional pickup and gets an awesome lockable trunk right in the floor of the bed. And it doesn’t do the truck stuff too badly, either, as it’s able to carry 1,860 pounds of payload and tow 3,500 pounds.The Ridgeline is powered by a 3.5-liter V6 good for 280 horsepower and 262 pound-feet of torque. That is channeled through a six-speed automatic transmission with available all-wheel drive. It’s built in Lincoln, Alabama. Chevrolet CorvetteMoving up from the 10th-place slot last year is the 2019 Chevrolet Corvette. While we’ve all been ogling the new mid-engine Corvette, it’s easy to forget what a performance bargain the current-generation ‘Vette is. From the base trim to the Grand Sport to the bonkers ZR1, the Corvette is an American icon.My preference is for the Grand Sport, which strikes a perfect balance between everyday drivability and canyon-carving performance. The 6.2-liter V8 puts out 460 horsepower and 465 pound-feet of torque. You can get it with a seven-speed manual or eight-speed automatic transmission, but the kicker is the borrowed chassis and aero parts from the beefier Z06. Like I said, perfect balance. The Corvette is made in Bowling Green, Kentucky. 2020 Hyundai Palisade review: Posh enough to make Genesis jealous 49 Photos 68 Photos Comments 2019 GMC Canyon: A fancier Colorado 2019 Honda Ridgeline: The commuter’s pickup truck Chevrolet ColoradoMaking its debut in the top 10 is the Chevrolet Colorado. Shown here in the tough ZR2 Bison off-road spec, the Chevy Colorado is an excellent truck and one of the two midsize pickups you can get with a diesel engine. Adding to the ZR2’s two-inch lift and front and rear locking differentials, the Bison gets beefier skid plates (trust me, that’s a good thing), steel bumpers and integrated recovery points. Heck, you can even get a snorkel.Base models get a 2.5-liter four-cylinder engine with a six-speed manual transmission, but a more popular choice is the 3.6-liter V6 gas engine with 308 horsepower and 275 pound-feet of torque, mated to an eight-speed automatic transmission. Meanwhile, the 2.8-liter diesel pumps out 186 horsepower and a delicious 369 pound-feet of twist and is mated to a six-speed automatic. The Chevy Colorado is built in Wentzville, Missouri. 71 Photos 2019 Chevrolet Corvette Grand Sport loves to hustle Honda PassportThe Honda Passport is a new (well, reborn) entry to both the Honda lineup and the American Made Index. This midsize crossover comes to the fray with great driving dynamics and plenty of tech like the standard Honda Sensing suite of active safety features. An available 8-inch touchscreen gets Apple CarPlay and Android Auto as well as a Wi-Fi hotspot.Under the hood is the stalwart 3.5-liter V6 producing 280 horsepower and 262 pound-feet of torque. However unlike the Ridgeline, the Passport sends that power through a nine-speed automatic transmission. Having said that, just like the Ridgeline, this is the only powertrain available. The Honda Passport is built in Lincoln, Alabama. 5 General Motors Chevrolet Honda Jeep Acura 2019 Honda Passport: A well-rounded midsize offering 2019 Acura MDX adds new features and an A-Spec model 2019 Honda Odyssey offers plenty of room and features for families 2019 Honda Ridgeline review: Light duty, heavy punch Tags More From Roadshow 26 Photos 81 Photos 18 Photos 2019 Chevrolet Colorado ZR2 Bison: A tougher off-roader 2019 Acura RDX A-Spec: Sharp handling, sharper looks 10 Photos Tesla 3:32 Honda PilotDropping down to seventh place for 2019 is the Honda Pilot. Like its two-row Passport sibling, the three-row Pilot offers parent-focused technology like Cabin Talk as well as myriad standard driver-assistance features through the Honda Sensing tech suite. Honda’s largest crossover offers up nearly 84 cubic feet of cargo space. Honda’s 3.5-liter V6 engine shows up again, making a serviceable 280 horsepower and 262 pound-feet of torque. Touring and Elite trims get a nine-speed automatic transmission while lower trims have to make do with a six-speed auto. The Honda Pilot is made in Lincoln, Alabama. 2019 Honda Pilot Elite: A smoother, tech-rich crossover SUV Share your voice 2020 Kia Telluride review: Kia’s new SUV has big style and bigger value Enlarge ImageChinese-produced Model 3s could be significantly cheaper to buy in that country than their California tent-built siblings. Elon Musk via Twitter In the past, Teslas that have been imported into China for sale there have been expensive. Like, shockingly expensive — pardon the terrible pun — relative to their prices in the US, thanks to various import tariffs and taxes. That has affected sales for the brand in the world’s largest car market.Now though, Tesla is getting closer than ever to having its Chinese Gigafactory up and running, and once Model 3s start rolling off the line there, the pricing game could change dramatically, as could the brand’s sales. But how much will a Chinese-built Model 3 cost if you live in the Middle Kingdom?According to a report published on Monday by Bloomberg, we might be close to having a definitive answer to that question. Estimates currently put the base price for a Chinese-built Tesla at 300,000 Yuan, or around $43,400 before EV subsidies, and that’s pretty damned reasonable, considering that the current cheapest imported Model 3 is listed at 377,000 Yuan (or $54,555).Tesla is planning on making an announcement about its future Chinese-produced cars on May 31, though it’s unclear if the pricing of those cars will be among the items discussed.Tesla didn’t immediately respond to Roadshow’s request for comment. Share your voice 69 Photos 12 Photos Tags GMC CanyonIf you’re looking for a slightly fancier version of the Colorado that’s more focused on luxe than dirt, check out the GMC Canyon. The top Denali trim gets standard heated and ventilated front seats as well as a heated steering wheel. Maximum payload capability is 1,665 pounds while max towing is a fairly healthy 7,600 pounds.The Canyon is available with the same 2.5-liter four-cylinder engine, 3.6-liter V6 or 2.8-liter diesel as the Chevrolet Colorado. It’s also built in Wentzville, Missouri. 52 Photos Acura MDXMoving up one slot to sixth place on the American Made Index is the non-hybrid variant of the Acura MDX. With its SH-AWD system, the MDX is one of the better handling midsize luxury crossovers, and for 2019 the company gives us the A-Spec treatment with a new front fascia and side skirts, 20-inch wheels, wider exhaust tips, unique gauges, a new steering wheel, carbon fiber trim and various Alcantara interior touches.However, both the standard and A-Spec models get a 3.5-liter V6 engine, rated for 290 horsepower and 267 pound-feet of torque going through a nine-speed automatic transmission. The Acura MDX is made in East Liberty, Ohio. 2019 Jeep Cherokee can handle the rough stuff Tesla Model 3 barrels through the snow in Track Mode 2020 BMW M340i review: A dash of M makes everything better More From Roadshow 2019 GMC Sierra Denali review: So close to greatness Honda OdysseyThe feature-rich Honda Odyssey minivan also retains its number-two slot from last year’s list. While the 2019 model doesn’t see any changes from last, it’s still a darn good choice for families on the go with reconfigurable seats, Wi-Fi and an excellent rear-seat entertainment system. The Cabin Watch video system lets parents keep an eye on their little darlings without turning around in their seats, while Cabin Talk amplifies their voice so no yelling is required.The Odyssey is powered by a 3.5-liter V6 rated for 280 horsepower and 262 pound-feet of torque. Most trims get a nine-speed automatic but the top Touring and Elite trims now use a 10-speed automatic with stop-start technology. The Honda Odyssey is made in Lincoln, Alabama. 3 Comments 2019 Chevy Colorado ZR2 Bison: An off-road animal Car Industry Electric Cars Jeep CherokeeKeeping its top-of-the-list placement, the Jeep Cherokee is 2019’s most American-made car. Refreshed for 2019, the compact crossover now features more tech, better cargo space and a slightly tweaked look. It’s available in no fewer the nine trims, including the off-road specific Trailhawk and a fancy-pants Trailhawk Elite.For 2019, the Cherokee gets a new 2.0-liter, turbocharged, four-cylinder engine with 270 horsepower and 295 pound-feet of torque, though naturally aspirated I4 and V6 choices are also available. Regardless of engine, a nine-speed automatic transmission gets the power to the pavement — or dirt as the case may be. The Cherokee is made in Belvidere, Illinois.
Credit: Wikipedia. More information: Global typology of urban energy use and potentials for an urbanization mitigation wedge, Felix Creutzig, PNAS, DOI: 10.1073/pnas.1315545112AbstractThe aggregate potential for urban mitigation of global climate change is insufficiently understood. Our analysis, using a dataset of 274 cities representing all city sizes and regions worldwide, demonstrates that economic activity, transport costs, geographic factors, and urban form explain 37% of urban direct energy use and 88% of urban transport energy use. If current trends in urban expansion continue, urban energy use will increase more than threefold, from 240 EJ in 2005 to 730 EJ in 2050. Our model shows that urban planning and transport policies can limit the future increase in urban energy use to 540 EJ in 2050 and contribute to mitigating climate change. However, effective policies for reducing urban greenhouse gas emissions differ with city type. The results show that, for affluent and mature cities, higher gasoline prices combined with compact urban form can result in savings in both residential and transport energy use. In contrast, for developing-country cities with emerging or nascent infrastructures, compact urban form, and transport planning can encourage higher population densities and subsequently avoid lock-in of high carbon emission patterns for travel. The results underscore a significant potential urbanization wedge for reducing energy use in rapidly urbanizing Asia, Africa, and the Middle East. Climate change now a mainstream part of city planning, global survey finds Journal information: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences © 2015 Phys.org Explore further Citation: Study suggests reducing energy demand in the future may be centered on developing cities (2015, January 13) retrieved 18 August 2019 from https://phys.org/news/2015-01-energy-demand-future-centered-cities.html This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only. Scientists around the world are very seriously concerned about the amount of carbon we humans are pumping into the atmosphere, leading to global warming and likely other as yet to be discovered problems. Some are also conducting research to look into ways to at least reduce our overall carbon footprint, if not eliminate it altogether. In this new effort, the researchers began by trying to figure out where the biggest contributors will be. They found that it will, quite naturally, be centered around urban areas—cities need more energy than small towns or other rural areas. But what impact will which cities have over the next fifty years or so?To answer that question, the researchers analyzed data for 274 cities around the world, then sorted them into eight groups based on size, climate, and other factors. In so doing, they found that the best chance of reducing energy use in the future appears to lie with cities that are still small and growing. Larger cities, the group found, are too entrenched to offer much hope of reducing energy use, thus if cities that are still relatively small can be caused to grow in ways that are different from older cities with their huge energy demands, it might be possible to alter forecasts of a tripling of energy use by cities by 2050. They note that most such cities are in developing countries in Africa, Asia and the Middle East.Still growing cities represent an opportunity, the researchers claim, because the infrastructure is still not in place. Better planning could prevent urban sprawl, for example, eliminating the need for workers to travel long distances to get to their jobs. The team acknowledges that while the idea is sound, it is not clear if a mechanism exists that could cause such planning to come about in parts of the world where cities often grow as demand dictates rather than as a result of forethought. (Phys.org)—A small team of researchers with members from institutions in the U.S. and Germany has found that the greatest opportunity for reducing predicted energy demands over the next half-century lies with cities that are still in the development stage. In their paper published in Proceedings of National Academy of Sciences, the group describes their study, what they found, and offer suggestions as to how new kinds of city planning could lead to reductions in the predicted amount of carbon released into the atmosphere in the future.